Friday, 24 February 2017

Friday Morning Ramble, 24 Feb

 

A few links here you’re invited to follow:

Did less intensive grazing and more gorse on Port Hills land (under Council control) a contributor to the recent fires? Seems so.
Prepare for more Port Hills fires unless we let grazing animals in – STUFF

Man invades private property and holds its owners to ransom. Makes him the ideal candidate for the Green Party, you’d think.
Kauri Tree Sitter to Stand for The Greens – MICHAEL TAVARES.NET

“Auckland Council is like the school bully who realises he has no friends. It is now using the lunch money it pinched from YOU to pay people to come to its party..”
Auckland Council offering $200 grants to host neighbourhood BBQs – STUFF

“Living wage campaigners have the best of intentions, but the experience in Wellington where 17 parking wardens lost their jobs suggests they often harm the very people they are meant to help. Read our report on the issue here…”
Living Wage Policies: The Best of Intentions, The Worst of Results – TAXPAYER’S UNION

Important work.
Finding Rosemary: In search of the unsung hero who invented Kiwi Onion Dip – THE SPINOFF

 

 

“Go rent in Malmo if you want to find out what its like.” Norberg: “Don’t need too because I live there.”
Trumpers getting owned by Johan Norberg – TWITTER

But isn’t Sweden the rape capital of the world (as members of the alt-right constantly point out)? Actually, no.
Trump's Fake News Attack on Sweden, Immigrants, and Crime – Johan Norberg, REASON
Analysis | Trump asked people to ‘look at what’s happening … in Sweden.’ Here’s what’s happening there. – WASHINGTON POST

There are so many reported rapes in Sweden because the Swedish legal definition of rape amounts to the feminist hippie definition of rape: "if” someone brushes against you and you don't feel like having given consent.”
Sweden’s rape crisis isn’t what it seems – Doug Saunders, GLOBE & MAIL

jet_fuel

“The Trump administration is deliberately trying to cook the books on how economic variables are calculated in order to rationalise its policies to the American people.”
Economists outraged by Trump plan to 'cook the books' – Nancy Marshall-Genzer, MARKETPLACE

“Holocaust-mongering cheapens the memory of the Holocaust and it debases political life. Tragically, it also invites scepticism about the Holocaust and encourages the rewriting of history.”
‘Just like Hitler’: the diminishing of the Holocaust – Frank Furedi, SPIKED

James Valliant: “The table is set. I would just add: The same media that worshiped Obama as a Messiah have subjected themselves to being dismissed as partisans rather than objective reporters and reliable watchdogs. Leftist academics fostering self-discrediting violent protests have given Trump the very tool of distraction he could use most. Obama's executive orders, cover up for Hillary, and political use of the IRS all set the stage for much more to come. Now, the Republicans in Congress turn a blind eye to obvious conflicts of interest... What's next? It may be up to us.”
How to Build an Autocracy – THE ATLANTIC

“Where do we direct our outrage when this is the record of just three weeks? Where do we even begin? How do we even remember what to be outraged about? When there is a new scandal every six hours or so, it is hard to remember what happened four scandals ago (what we used to call “yesterday”).”
The Fog of Trump – FOREIGN POLICY

“At this point, we are not expecting Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address or King’s “I Have a Dream” speech to flow from the perennially-puckered mouth of Donald J. Trump. We’d settle for one fully-formed sentence with an ascertainable beginning, middle and end.
The Emperor Has No Vocabulary – HUFFINGTON POST

Slow him down and you have a closing-time pub conversation with a drunk guy who reckons it would be great if he were the president...

 

From the Good News Department: Falling extreme poverty and child mortality.
This interactive visualization can be found here:
Extreme Poverty and Child Mortality – OUR WORLD IN DATA

“A question: Most strong Christians have set aside those elements of their tradition’s writings and now prioritise family values. Can that happen more in Islam, or are their signs that it will/won’t happen?”
Muslims, Christians, and family — not so different? – STEPHEN HICKS

“Job opportunities are limitless. Indeed, as long as the robots produce at a lower cost than people they replace, their introduction increases the total size of the economic pie.”
Fear Not the Robots - Jobs Aren't Scarce – T. Norman Van Cott, FEE

“Deregulation can't have paved the way for the financial collapse--there wasn't much to speak of.”
The Myth of Banking Deregulation- Don Watkins, VOICES FOR REASON

“"Conservatism proper is a legitimate, probably necessary, and certainly widespread attitude of opposition to drastic change. But by its very nature it cannot offer an alternative to the direction in which we are moving."
Why I Am Not a Conservative – F.A. Hayek, FEE

Really discouraging too to see young British people at the bottom for being free to criticise minority groups. Britain used to understand what tolerance and free speech meant.
Daily chart: Young people and free speech – THE ECONOMIST

 

“Immigration and the ability to travel freely turns a lot of people into useful
idiots. We do not become freer by pushing anti-freedom positions. Like all
real problems the answer lies in more freedom., of course this means that i
mmigration is not the problem. - it is scapegoat. This should be the prefect
excuse to crush the welfare state, attack the drug laws, and tax system.”
~ Dale B. Halling

 

“It is a contradiction in terms to ask: “On what principle should we act if we are not going to act on the principle by which we should act?”
    “But philosophy deals in principles.That’s why there are continuing arguments about immigration among those who accept the Objectivist philosophy.
    “Deprived of the guidance of principles, the issue then becomes one of concrete facts…”
Why Objectivists disagree on immigration – Harry Binswanger, HBL

“With the naming of Brown, the institute has deviated from its two previous leaders, who were academics. In a statement, ARI referred to his 30-year finance career and military service in the U.S. Air Force”
Jim Brown, new Ayn Rand Institute CEO: 'Culture and society out there can look pretty irrational. Just look at the last election' – L.A. TIMES

It’s a regular four-year thing: Governments spend billions on facilities and infrastructure for the Olympics. Afterwards, taxpayers wonder what it was all for.
Billions Gone: 2016 Olympics Venues in Brazil Are Now in Ruins – Alice Salles, MISES WIRE

“People need to know history. And here's what passes for "history" in most schools.”
The Poverty of Political Discussion Explained, In One Lesson – Lisa Van Damme, PYGMALION OF THE SOUL

FREE-RANGE KIDS: Here's Why Aren’t Kids Playing Outside on Their Own:

C5WJWE8WMAAIbM0

“A very good article on the significance to the owners of living in Wright designed homes.”
The Last Original Frank Lloyd Wright Owners – WSJ

Only five Wright homes are still in the hands of the original owners.
Original Frank Lloyd Wright home owners on living with design history – CURBED

“’I came to realise after some years living here that there’d not been a day in my life when I didn’t see something beautiful. Even on the terrible days that occur in every life,’ says one Usonian resident who still lives in the house Wright designed for him.”
Usonia the Beautiful – 99 PERCENT INVISIBLE

You couldn’t let him in all conscience, could you.
Frank Gehry No Longer Allowed To Make Sandwiches For Grandkids – THE ONION

Important info.
What to drink at 30,000 feet – THE ECONOMIST

“A little look inside the NZ beer industry... including some Yeastie Boys and a lot of breweries you've never heard of.”
2016 in Review – THE BEER PROJECT

cartoon_harp_n_accordion

 

Cale!

 

[Hat tips to and quips and snark borrowed from Auckland Ratepayers' Alliance, Mark Tammett, Stuart Hayashi, Stephen Berry ACT, The Cato Institute, Felix Mueller, Cesar Arias, The Bastiat Society, David Prichard, David Doyle, Citizens' Alliance for Property Rights, The Mendenhall, Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation]

Housing: Variety through repetition

 

1_ VIEW-web

Designing a house form that works and that can be replicated to produce variety is fun, and economical, but not straightforward.

7_VIEW I-web

This project, by Organon Architecture, has 36 houses of two types; two types whose lower floors are identical and whose upper floors differ only in their orientation – and in that difference lies the difference that produces the difference: two house types in which the way they come together creates the structure of the composition, produces the interest, creates (with the simple form becoming complex by repetition and the relationship to the other repeated units) creating the relationship of composition to landscape.

2_web

Repetition means ease of assembly. Repetition means making use of industrialisation to reduce costs and waste. Repetition, here, producing variety instead of conformity.

That’s they way nature does it. That’s the way to make it work.

I think it does.

Could you live here?

5_VIEW INTERIOR-web

[Cross-posted to the Organon Architecture Blog].

Thursday, 23 February 2017

The Commerce Commission must go

 

So Vodafone and Sky want to merge with each other. And so do Fairfax and NZME.  But the Commerce Commission has ruled the former two may not, and has already declared the latter two should not.

Who is this Communist Commission when it’s at home, and what gives it the right to tell shareholders of major businesses what they should do with their property? I went to their website to find out:

The Commerce Commission [they say] enforces legislation that promotes competition in New Zealand markets and prohibits misleading and deceptive conduct by traders. The Commission also enforces a number of pieces of legislation specific to the telecommunications, dairy and electricity industries. In ensuring compliance with the legislation it enforces, the Commission undertakes investigation and where appropriate takes court action; considers applications for authorisation in relation to anti-competitive behaviour and mergers; and makes regulatory decisions relating to access to telecommunications networks and assessing compliance with performance thresholds by electricity lines businesses.

So we have a Quango that allegedly “promotes competition,” as if it were possible for bureaucracy to do that, or a bureaucrat to understand it –  -- as if “competition” itself were a primary (“enforcing” competition frequently meaning prosecuting for price gouging when prices are too high, for predatory pricing when they’re too low, and for collusion when they’re the same). And in their random decision-making all business activity becomes less certain, so by that amount already decreasing the range of options open to consumers.

The idiocy leads to more idiocy. The Communist Commission's draft decision to discourage the Fairfax NZME merger on the basis it creates a monopoly saw analysts tell Fairfax it must withdraw from NZ if it doesn’t merge, creating the same alleged monopoly.

Meanwhile the Commissars’ determination that that Vodafone and Sky must not merge leaves shareholders in both already poorer, and consumers less able to access the sport the Commissars have decided -- and gives existing telcos less competition than would have otherwise been the case, the reason these vultures are crowing today.

  We should prosecute the Commissars themselves for false advertising:

  • They say they act to prevent monopoly but their actions often encourage it;
  • They say they act to prevent monopoly yet fail to break up government monopolies or call for their divestiture (where they would face the same capital costs as their competitors);
  • They say they enforce competition yet they fail to recommend the abolition of legislation that prevents small companies being able to compete with big companies (the RMA, the OSHA, corporate taxes);
  • They say they enforce competition yet in telecommunications especially they penalise the most competitive company and keep less competitive companies alive through advocating corporate pork policies;
  • They allege to have consumers’ interests at heart yet they delay mergers from which operational synergies can be gained, thereby raising costs, lowering wages and profits and thus further reducing capital accumulation and real wages; and
  • They allege to have consumers’ interests at heart yet they raise investment uncertainty and thus capital costs and investment hurdle rates, such that new services that might benefit consumers are still born, never to see the light of day.

Quite simply, they are the legislative manifestation of the tall-poppy-syndrome - they attack any big private business and do nothing meaningful to the protected positions of bloated, wasteful, bullying government organisations.

The idea that a bureaucrat could command competition sounds like it would be a product of a central planning mindset, yet the Communist Commission was not even a product of Muldoon’s command economy – it was a creation of Roger Douglas, a product of the flawed floating abstraction of 'pure and perfect competition' held by mainstream economics, a floating, 'Platonic,' idea of competition bearing so little relation to the real world that it needs a bureaucracy with government power to issue decrees trying unsuccessfully to make it happen, damaging all and sundry in the process.

They should prosecute themselves as a predatory monopoly.

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Quote of the Day: On Milo

 

“Going by the public discourse, Milo is a Nazi and we should all punch him, or he's a hero and we should all buy his book. Why is everything a replay of [American] election 2016 over and over and over again? I thought the election was over. As then, I pick none of the above. But you all enjoy yourselves as you degrade our ability to engage in civil discourse. I'll be over here weeping for the fate of the republic.”
~ Mark V. Kormes

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Lying Phil Goff

 

Remember when Auckland mayor Phil Goff pledge to hold rates to 2.5%? As far back as 2015 he told Morning Report, "There is a limit to rate increases, and I think we've reached that limit.” That was just before Lying Len Brown and his cronies hiked them by 9.9%.

But far from acknowledging we are now well beyond the limit, Goff instead is following in the footsteps of his predecessor. We’re going to limit rates increases to 2.5%? No, stuff that. That was then. That was when he was campaigning for the mayor’s job. Now he has it, he doesn’t want to hold rates or cap rates or limit them. Quite the contrary. Just four months after being elected the lying piece of shit now wants to raise your rates by 16%. The council, he says, “is running out of alternatives to increasing rates by 16 percent next year.”

Here’s one very sound alternative, you toerag, and I can give it to you for nothing: Stop Spending So Goddamn Much.

Goff is a trough-dweller wholly ignorant even of how his trough gets filled.

People who vote for entities like this deserve them. The rest of us: we get punished.

Feel free to message the lying turd and tell him how you feel about his deception.

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Wednesday, 22 February 2017

We have to talk about Sweden

 

There have been more modern fairy tales peddled about Sweden than even Hans Christian Andersen could dream up – and I don’t just mean whatever the American president thought he was talking about the other night.

The far-off place has become a convenient political talisman for the misinformed of both sides of the statist coin: both left and alt-right. The former insist that Sweden is that exception, a welfare state that doesn’t eat itself. The latter tell stories about “no-go zones” and “rapefugees.” Neither has much basis in fact.

The first myth is intended to tell the story that welfare-state socialism works better than markets. But, as Johan Norberg thoroughly and repeatedly demonstrates, Sweden's history in fact points to the opposite conclusion: that it was laissez-faire that delivered the riches, on which the looters are now feeding.

The second myth is supposed to tell us that immigrants and refugees are bad news, and Sweden’s crime statistics are supposed to show that. Politicians, commentators and internet trolls of the alt-right variety tell stories of crime exploding under a refugees engulf the country’s towns and cities, citing alleged crime statistics from fake think tanks showing, they say, that Sweden’s once-lovely places are now so teeming with these nasty people that rape has rocketed and violent crime has exploded.

Trouble is, that’s that not what actual Swedish criminologists citing actual Swedish crime statistics actually tell us. Is “the country's welcoming approach to refugees and its alleged effects on crime rates a warning sign”?

“Absolutely not,” said Felipe Estrada, a criminology professor at Stockholm University. His response was echoed Monday by multiple other experts who are familiar with Swedish crime statistics.
    Overall, Sweden's average crime rate has fallen in recent years, Estrada said. That drop has been observed for cases of lethal violence and for assaults, two of the most serious categories of crime.
    Moreover, an analysis by Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter, conducted between October 2015 and January 2016, came to the conclusion that refugees were responsible for only 1 percent of all incidents.

Sweden1-1024x758

Screen-Shot-2017-02-20-at-15.48.56

Clear enough.

Support also comes from “Germany, the other European country that took in similar numbers of refugees per capita in 2015.” Here also claims that the influx led to an increase in crime are unsupported by actual evidence.

“Immigrants are not more criminal than Germans,” an interior ministry spokesman said in June. Overall, crime levels in Germany declined over the first quarter of 2016, officials said last year.

So why, apart from the obvious reasons that rabid anti-immigration types might dream up rabid claims, does the myth persist? Say criminologists:

Reports about alleged police coverups of refugee crimes might have contributed to distrust in official statistics. Criminologists also say that a handful of cases have received disproportionate public attention, creating a distorted perception among Swedes.
    “What we’re hearing is a very, very extreme exaggeration based on a few isolated events,” Jerzy Sarnecki, a criminologist at Stockholm University, told the ‘Globe and Mail’ newspaper in
May, when coverage of refugee-related crimes reached a peak.

Read that line again: “Very extreme exaggeration based on a few isolated events.” Just part of the logical fallacy subsumed under the principle understood by the phrase “a picture is not an argument.”

There is however “one statistic in which Sweden does indeed lead international crime statistics, though: reported cases of rape.” So does this support the alt-right myth, then? No, say criminologists, only if you don’t understand (or don’t care to understand) how the statistics are gathered.

“The [definitions] of rape differ between countries,” Estrada said. “In Sweden, several changes in legislation have been made to include more cases of sexual crimes as rape cases.” Sweden's definition of what constitutes rape is now one of the world's most expansive. Varying figures, as well as other Swedish measures to facilitate rape complaints, might have affected statistics, as well.

This has been pointed out several times in the comments to my regular alt-rights trolls, so I have no expectation of any increase in understanding this time. But just understand when you do hear the claim that this would be just another form of the fake news the alt-right keyboard warriors claim to revile.

So what about these alleged no-go zones like Malmo? What about that then? Sorry, say criminologists, that too is another fairy tale.

Swedish crime experts also do not agree that immigrants have created so-called no-go areas in Sweden — areas that allegedly are too dangerous for native Swedes to enter and are effectively run by criminals. “This perception is fabricated,” Estrada said. But he and others pointed out that the refugee influx poses challenges to Sweden, just not in the way it is being portrayed by some.
    “Even [though] there are no 'no-go zones' as alleged in the propaganda, there are problems around crimes and disturbances in several suburbs of Swedish cities, where immigrant groups tend to be over-represented,” said Henrik Selin, director of intercultural dialogue at the Swedish Institute.

Just as you’d expect. We’re not talking utopias here, we’re talking about real places with real human problems – problems made harder, not better, by gross exaggeration.

Fascinatingly, an Alt-right editor has challenges journalists to visit Sweden to discover for themselves the facts he alleges about the place. Paul Joseph Watson (he’s the alt-right Brit conspiracy theorist who isn’t an apologist for paedophilia) has offered to personally stump up the fare for them to Malmo– an offer already taken up by one enthusiastic punter, and responded to by Malmo’s deputy mayor, who promises any and all visiting journalists a warm welcome and to go with them on any jaunts to the zones to which Mr Watson alleges they can’t go.

Malmo

Sure, all is not well in Malmo, but neither is it the war zone alleged by the fetid fringe. “Seeing Scandinavia’s largest country, with its reputation for high living standards, good governance, and low crime, thrust into a sort of police line-up of multicultural Europe’s failures felt,” says Irishman Feargus O’Sullivan who’s already visited and researched the place for himself, “a bit like seeing your neighbour’s lovable pet guinea pig being ducked as a witch.”

Is there any truth in the accusations? The short answer is no. Malmö is actually a likable, easy-going kind of place. Facing Denmark and Copenhagen across the Oresund Strait (a distance spanned by a bridge since 2000), it’s a historic, faintly gruff port city of 342,000 residents—think Liverpool to Copenhagen’s Paris. Or to make an American comparison, an Oakland to the Danish capital’s San Francisco. By Scandinavian standards, it’s ethnically diverse, bustling, and ever so slightly unkempt. By the standards of just about anywhere lying southwards, however, its streets come across as trim, orderly, and, peaceful.
    Certainly, Malmö is a city whose urban (but not greater metropolitan) population has been substantially reshaped by immigration. A third of its population was born outside Sweden, with the largest groups coming from (in order) Iraq, Serbia, Denmark, and Poland. Rates of arrival have gone up in recent years. What hasn’t risen, however, is crime.
    In fact, Malmö’s violent crime figures would make the mayor of an average American big city weep with longing. With 12 murders in 2015 among a population of 342,000, Malmö’s murder rate is two thirds that of Western Europe’s real murder capital of Glasgow, and half that of Los Angeles. By contrast, Washington, D.C., has a murder rate almost seven times higher, while the rate in St. Louis, Missouri is just under 17 times higher. In relatively safe Sweden, those 12 murders are still cause for rightful alarm, but as
this piece makes clear, Malmö’s crime figures aren’t just low compared to most American cities—they’re not even the highest in Sweden.

Read that sentence again, please: “Malmö’s crime figures aren’t just low compared to most American cities—they’re not even the highest in Sweden.”

So all is not utopic in the Scandinavian paradise, and journalists and the commentariat will continue to use its occasional incidents to cherrypick, but if this really is the best place anti-immigrationists can dredge up to support their argument, then they ain’t got one. And as far as intelligent debate about immigration goes, let’s (please) look at actual evidence, not the manufactured stuff of Machiavellian commentators and think tanks.

“Sweden definitely, like other countries, [faces] challenges when it comes to integration of immigrants into Swedish society, with lower levels of employment, tendencies of exclusion and also crime-related problems,” [Henrik Selin at the Swedish Institute concluded]. There is little evidence, however, that Sweden has turned into the lawless country it is at times being described as abroad.

[Quotes and pics from Washington Post, BBC News and City Lab]

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Tuesday, 21 February 2017

In New Zealand it is not illegal to steal the fruit of other people's labour

 

Yesterday we discovered that in New Zealand it is not illegal to steal the fruit of other people's labour.

I learned that from reading the Herald this morning, who on page three quoted the High Court judgement against Kim DotCom, which said, and I quote: “online communication of copyright protected works to the public is not a criminal offence in New Zealand under s131 of the Copyright Act."

This is passing strange for many reasons, not least because this was the very section of the law that led to the fat German’s arrest. But also because s131 of New Zealand’s 1994 Copyright Act (written a few years before the internet was really a thing) says quite clearly that

Every person commits an offence against this section who, other than pursuant to a copyright licence … in the course of a business or otherwise, sells or lets for hire; or distributes otherwise than in the course of a business … an object that is, and that the person knows is, an infringing copy of a copyright work.

It is without question that the internet pirate and his business cronies did knowingly and with aforethought organise, arrange and seek out the job of distributing (but not selling, letting or hiring out) a great many “objects” that they know were infringing copies of copyright work. That was this fat slug’s very business model, aiding and abetting outright theft, as demonstrated in emails sent by his other slugs saying: "We're not pirates, we're just providing shipping services to pirates." The loophole that by all accounts brought these counterfeit businessmen to New Zealand and which the High Court confirmed yesterday is unplugged is those few words “otherwise than in the course of a business.”

Those few words, it seems, mean that online communication of copyright protected works to the public is not a criminal offence in New Zealand just as long as you have those people paying these people to help them steal other people’s work. Which means that in New Zealand it is not illegal to steal the fruit of other people's labour.

We have this fat slug to thank for showing us that.

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Flying: A memoir

 

I used to cycle a lot back in the day. We all did. That day was sometime back last century. Young, carefree, wind still legally allowed in the hair. It was fun, cycling, and necessary: as a kid there was no other way to get around. We delivered papers on them, cycled to sports on them, carried too many library books on them - or tried to, and had to walk them all home instead.

And we showed off on them. Wheelies, skids, jumps. That’s how I went over the handlebars the first time, discovering in mid-air that the first wheel to hit the ground should probably not be the front one, and probably not into thick mud. At least it was a soft landing.

We started out on the no-gear no-frills models bought by our parents, replaced every time they were stolen. Hills on these were a bastard. Then we saw the fancy new thing called a ten-speed sitting gleaming in the bike-shop window opposite the school, and we knew we had to have one. The new cheap models by Healing. (I seem to remember a price of $237, but I could be wrong on that.) To pay them off, we discovered the Lost Land of Layby, and every week we took our paper-round money over the road to pay off another few dollars on our dream bikes until that very special day when we could take them home.

That was the second day I went over the handlebars. First trip with the new bikes was up to the supermarket carpark to see how these new-fangled “gears” worked. “Swish” went the bike along the asphalt as I pedalled it up to top speed. “Clunk” went my clumsy hand whacking it up to top gear. “Clank” went the sound of the chain wrapping itself around and jamming the gear cogs .. and as I cleared the handlebars I just had time to wonder how that happened before I hit the deck. Not such a soft landing this time.

The next time I sailed over them was coming down the Kaimais. After that ten-speed was stolen I bought a newer and shinier one, complete with lights and mudguard. It was light and it was bright, and it was that damned mudguard that caused the damage. Coming down the Kaimais fully rested after lunch at the top enjoying the views, having launched ourselves down the mountains at top speed – overtaking the occasional Sunday driver with less interest in speed than us – a clip on the mudguard came loose and the loose guard whipped around the speeding tyre to become my only rear contact with the road. Going full-tit downhill with fully-laden saddlebags, what happened next wasn’t so much over the handlebars as rolling over and over the bike several times as it hit the death wobble and cartwheeled away down the road with me tangled up in the frame.

At least the beer in the saddlebags wasn’t broken in the fall.

If you don’t count the lady coming through the stop sign and knocking me off my motorbike a year or two after that – I can confirm that the bonnet of a Holden Kingswood certainly does make for a softer landing than the hard tarmac of State Highway 29 -- the closest I came to flying over the handlebars again was just last week in Mt Eden.

You see, the biggest change between now and when I used to cycle a lot back then isn’t just all the bike lanes, all the lycra, or even the bloody knob-hats the clipboard carriers try to force you to wear. It’s what’s happened to bloody cars to make them so-called “safe.”

“Safe,” according to the regulations, means a cushioned cocoon for a car’s occupants and high bonnets to save pedestrians when they get hit. “Safe,” in this era of wall-to-wall nannying therefore means fully-padded headrests, enormous pillars at all corners, and very high window sills all round. It’s all to do with the regulations, wouldn’t you know, to make people “safe.” “Safe” meaning ugly.  “Safe” meaning cars that are bland, boring and identically dull. Safe” meaning (just another unintended consequence here of all this ill-thought safety regulation), that visibility out of the car for drivers and door-openers is dire, and visibility into the car for cyclists wary of door opening is almost impossible. How can you see if there’s a head about to move in the car parked ahead when you can barely even see into the bloody car? Add the tinted windows that fashion and heavily sloped windows has made the thing, and it’s a recipe for driver’s-door disaster, especially when impatient drivers behind the cyclist are all-but insisting he pull over.

This is the biggest change I’ve noticed since I’ve started cycling again.

So no surprise the other day then when in the narrow streets at the shops of Mt Eden Village a car driver and my bike and I met at speed in the close quarters of his door opening. He was very apologetic, and I was very lucky. My brakes gripped better than I’d ever thought they could. I had to accept his apology, what else could I do: I’d had no chance of seeing him inside the car before he opened his door; and he had very little chance of seeing me with all that cushioned plastic obscuring his view. (And what Auckland driver has ever used any mirror, let alone the side ones.) So we shook hands and we went on our way, and I had time to think.

I thought that it wasn’t him I blamed. It was the grey ones, who over the last four decades have turned cars from things of occasional beauty to ugly beige and grey blobs that are indistinguishable from each other, with cameras on the back because it’s the only way anyone can see out in that direction.

They’re a great symbol of the Age we live in, the Age of the All-Enveloping State Nanny.

And for cyclists in built-up areas and around shops, they are definitely not safe. The next time I fly I’d like it to be in something with wings. But I’m not altogether optimistic.

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Monday, 20 February 2017

Quote of the Day: On saving the world

 

"Anyone serious about saving the world today must first discard the dominant philosophy of the culture. Stand on your own as much as if you moved to a separate valley, like in Atlas Shrugged. Check your premises; define your convictions rationally. Do not take anything on faith; do not believe that your elders know what they're doing; because they don't."
~ Ayn Rand, from the Q&A at the Ford Hall Forum during the 1970s, appearing in the recent book Ayn Rand Answers

[Hat tip Anoop Verma]

Fake news v fake news [updated]

 

Sometimes it's had to know whether to laugh or cry.  At Donald Trump's latest rally he took aim at what he (often correctly) calls fake news, before going on to talk about approval polls showing “different facts” to those in the actual polls; a “Swedish incident” he had made up – provoking much mirth on Twitter – and using a quote from Thomas Jefferson about this very thing, fake news, that Trump appeared to pinch from the Washington Post (who he has regularly lambasted as “fake media”) and singularly failed to understand.

It’s true that when president, under scurrilous attack by the media, Thomas Jefferson did write, answering a question about “the manner in which a newspaper should be conducted,”  that “[n]othing can now be believed which is seen in a newspaper.” But the fuller context is that Jefferson was talking about contemporary newspapers, those of 1807, which had become blatant scandal sheets, unashamedly partisan, and a world away from those he had envisioned in arguing for the freedom of the press decades earlier.  “As for what is not true you will always find abundance in the newspapers,” he told a friend of the 1806 newspapers teeming both with valid criticism of his Administration and made-up stories of the corruption of the Jefferson White House.

It as as Mark Twain was to say much later, that not to read a newspaper is to be uninformed, but to read a newspaper at all is to be misinformed.

So how are we to proceed? As it happens, if Trump had read Jefferson’s letter entire instead of just the section of it he ripped from a Washington newspaper, he may have himself found an answer. Here is the letter entire:

'To your request of my opinion of the manner in which a newspaper should be conducted, so as to be most useful, I should answer, 'by restraining it to true facts & sound principles only.' Yet I fear such a paper would find few subscribers. It is a melancholy truth, that a suppression of the press could not more compleatly deprive the nation of it's benefits, than is done by it's abandoned prostitution to falsehood.
    'Nothing can now be believed which is seen in a newspaper. Truth itself becomes suspicious by being put into that polluted vehicle. The real extent of this state of misinformation is known only to those who are in situations to confront facts within their knowledge with the lies of the day. I really look with commiseration over the great body of my fellow citizens, who, reading newspapers, live & die in the belief, that they have known something of what has been passing in the world in their time; whereas the accounts they have read in newspapers are just as true a history of any other period of the world as of the present, except that the real names of the day are affixed to their fables.
    'General facts may indeed be collected from them, such as that Europe is now at war, that Bonaparte has been a successful warrior, that he has subjected a great portion of Europe to his will, &c., &c.; but no details can be relied on. I will add, that the man who never looks into a newspaper is better informed than he who reads them; inasmuch as he who knows nothing is nearer to truth than he whose mind is filled with falsehoods & errors. He who reads nothing will still learn the great facts, and the details are all false.
    'Perhaps an editor might begin a reformation in some such way as this. Divide his paper into 4 chapters, heading the 1st, Truths. 2d, Probabilities. 3d, Possibilities. 4th, Lies. The first chapter would be very short, as it would contain little more than authentic papers, and information from such sources as the editor would be willing to risk his own reputation for their truth. The 2d would contain what, from a mature consideration of all circumstances, his judgment should conclude to be probably true. This, however, should rather contain too little than too much. The 3d & 4th should be professedly for those readers who would rather have lies for their money than the blank paper they would occupy.'

In other words, we would be better served if news organisations would follow as a simple policy the edict of the good detective: “Just the facts, ma’am.”

UPDATE: Trump has now claimed his fake news about a terror attack in Sweden – a claim that baffled the current Swedish Prime Minister and promoted a former one to ask what Trump is smoking – was based on his mis-viewing of a Fox News story. “It ... seems to be new that a US president bases commentary of foreign issues in Fox News coverage.”

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Thursday, 16 February 2017

25 reasons why economic protectionism is taken seriously when it's actually a form of economic suicide

 

Guest poster Mark Perry takes on the idiotic movement worldwide to make people poorer by ‘protecting’ them from foreign goods.

It’s a scientifically and mathematically provable fact that all tariffs, at any time and in any country, will harm economic growth, eliminate net jobs, destroy prosperity, and lower the standard of living of the protectionist country because tariffs are guaranteed by the ironclad laws of economics to generate costs to consumers that outweigh the benefits to producers, i.e. tariffs will always impose deadweight losses on the protectionist country (see the diagram here, and “An economic analysis of protectionism clearly shows that Trump’s tariffs would make us poorer, not greater”). That is, the reality that tariffs always inflict great economic damage and leave society worse off is not a debatable outcome, rather it’s a provable fact, like the law of gravity.

Protectionism2But there’s more! There is also no shortage at all of empirical evidence showing that protectionism and tariffs always generate costs to consumers that are far in excess of the benefits to producers (i.e. deadweight costs) see my blog posts here, here and here.

The Justification

So why is protectionism being taken so seriously, and given so much credibility, when it’s actually a job-destroying, prosperity-destroying form of economic suicide and an economic death wish? Protectionism will not make America great again, or anywhere at all great.

Here are my top 25 reasons that explain why protectionism is taken so seriously, despite the fact that it’s guaranteed to impoverish people and destroy jobs. It’s very much a case of the seen and the unseen:

  1. The false belief that trade is a zero-sum game (win-lose), when in fact it’s win-win.
  2. The costs of protectionism to consumers are mostly hidden.
  3. The benefits of protectionism to producers are easily identifiable and visible.
  4. The jobs saved by protectionism are observable and visible.
  5. The jobs lost from protectionism are not easily observable or visible.
  6. The benefits of protectionism to individual producers are very high (e.g. $300,000 annual increase in revenues per sugar farm from trade barriers for foreign sugar).
  7. The costs of protectionism to individual consumers is very low (e.g. $5-10 per year in higher sugar prices per person due to sugar tariffs), although the costs in the aggregate of protectionism are very high.
  8. The costs of protectionism to consumers are delayed over many years.
  9. The benefits of protectionism to producers are immediate.
  10. Producers seeking the benefits of protectionism are concentrated and well-organized.
  11. Consumers paying the costs of protectionism are dispersed and disorganized.
  12. There is a huge political payoff to politicians from protectionism in the form of votes, political support, and financial contributions from protected domestic firms and industries.
  13. There is a huge political cost to politicians who attempt to remove or lower trade barriers in the form of lost votes, support and financial contributions from previously protected domestic producers.
  14. The pathological, but false obsession that exports are good.
  15. The pathological, but false obsession that imports are bad.
  16. The fact that most workers work for a company producing a single product or group of similar products (e.g. cars, steel, textiles, appliances) and are therefore favourably disposed to supporting protectionist trade policies that benefit their employer and industry.
  17. The fact that consumers purchase hundreds, if not thousands of individual products, goods and services, and are therefore unlikely to be fully aware of the negative effects of protectionism or be motivated to fight protectionism.
  18. Many people think that exporting their country’s products is patriotic.
  19. Many people think that importing foreign products is unpatriotic.
  20. The false belief that trade deficits are a sign of economic weakness.
  21. The false belief that trade surpluses are a sign of economic strength.
  22. The fact that protectionism is guaranteed to create economic deadweight losses is not easily understood, nor are those losses easily observable or measurable.
  23. The general lack of economic literacy among the general public.
  24. The general lack of economic literacy among politicians, or their intentional disregard for the economics of protectionism in favour of enacting public policies that help them get re-elected.
  25. The failure to recognise that most imports are inputs purchased by local firms that allow them to be as competitive as possible when selling their outputs in global markets.

Bottom Line

Protectionism1Taken together, the 25 reasons above help us understand the popularity of protectionism, despite the fact that it’s guaranteed to inflict great economic harm. Protectionism is popular primarily not for economic reasons, but for political reasons. To paraphrase Thomas Sowell, the first lesson of international economics is that free trade makes us better off and protectionism makes us worse off.

The first lesson of politics when it comes to international trade however is to ignore the first lesson of international economics, and impose protectionist trade policies when they further the political interests of short-sighted elected officials. When politicians can count on the economic illiteracy of the general public and their blind patriotism to “Buy American,” the political payoffs from protectionism are too tempting to ignore despite the reality that it’s a form of economic suicide.

And because the benefits of tariffs to producers (and jobs created or saved) are concentrated, immediate and visible, while the costs to consumers (and jobs lost) are diffused, delayed and invisible, it’s pretty easy to understand why protectionism is popular, even though the economic costs far outweigh the economic benefits (i.e. deadweight losses result) and it’s therefore ultimately a form of self-inflicted economic poison.

Wednesday, 15 February 2017

Quote of the Day: Summing up Marxism

 

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“The whole gospel of Karl Marx can be summed up in a single sentence: Hate the man who is better off than you are. Never under any circumstances admit that his success may be due to his own efforts, to the productive contribution he has made to the whole community. Always attribute his success to the exploitation, the cheating, the more or less open robbery of others. Never under any circumstances admit that your own failure may be owing to your own weakness, or that the failure of anyone else may be due to his own defects - his laziness, incompetence, improvidence, or stupidity.”


Henry Hazlitt

Don’t do it America! New Zealand has already tried it.

 

Don’t do it America! New Zealand has already tried it. Feisty, Protectionist Populism, that is, and as Tyler Cowen tells Bloomberg, it ended really badly.

We’re talking about a chap called Robert Muldoon, prime minister of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984 --

a  Western democratic leader who was populist, obsessed with the balance of trade, especially effective on television, feisty and combative with the press, and able to take over his country’s right-wing party and swing it in a more interventionist direction.

Cowen wants his reader to compare him to You Know Who.

Some of the similarities are striking. Muldoon often made rude or unusually frank comments about foreign leaders (including U.S. President Jimmy Carter and the Australian prime minister), and his diplomats worked hard to undo them.

Mind you, he wasn’t always wrong. He once told an assembled audience of Commonwealth leaders that Robert Mugabe should be ignored because he was only famous for running around the jungle shooting people.

His most significant initiative was called “Think Big,” and, yes, it was designed to make New Zealand great again. It was based on a lot of infrastructure and fossil fuels investment, including natural gas, and it was intended to stimulate the country’s exports and remedy the trade deficit. Because New Zealand’s parliamentary system of government has fewer checks and balances than the American system, Muldoon got more done than Trump likely will.
    Yet this bout of industrial policy worsened the already precarious fiscal position of the government, and Muldoon’s public-sector investments did not impress. Muldoon’s
biographer, Barry Gustafson, noted that the prime minister ended up being criticized for his “apparently dogmatic arrogance of executive power”; Gustafson also tells us Muldoon “was often reluctant to take expert advice.”
    Like Trump, Muldoon was at first skeptical about his country’s NAFTA deal -- yes, it was called exactly that, the
New Zealand Australia Free Trade Agreement. Muldoon did renegotiate the treaty, although his ministers persuaded him to accept a free-trade-friendly update, called CER (Closer Economic Relations). Trump may or may not follow through with the second part of that parallel.
    Australia aside, Muldoon preferred protectionism and had little patience for the academic arguments against it. He was no friend of free-market thinking, and when Milton and Rose Friedman visited New Zealand, the prime minister refused to meet with them.

He was undoubtedly scared of what he might be told.

Like Trump, Muldoon faced some controversial race issues. The all-white South African rugby team was scheduled to tour New Zealand in 1981, and even after extensive protests Muldoon refused to ban the team. Muldoon’s critics called him a racist, and charged that his intentions in the matter were not entirely benign. Muldoon also continued his predecessor’s policy of arresting and deporting Pacific Islanders who had overstayed their visas.
    It was his philosophy not to bother to appeal to his opponents. The more critics he generated, the more his supporters -- known as “Rob’s Mob” -- loved him…
    Arguably, Muldoon was not as outrageous as Trump. Still, he once punched demonstrators, and stripped naked at a cocktail party. Twitter remained beyond his grasp.

Which would have been no less entertaining.   

Anyway, if you don’t know how the story ends, you can guess. Import quotas and double-digit price inflation, licensing, regulation and taxes on everything from home boat-building to needing a doctor’s prescription for butter, bans on trucks taking goods more than 100 miles – this was an economy that functioned less like an economic system and more like a Polish shipyard under the Soviets, until finally a wage and price freeze put a bullet in the economy’s head and Muldoon was thrown out for something much better: which at the time was the left-wing Labour Party.

Cowen concludes with “one lesson from the comparison:

that a leader like Muldoon can be fairly popular, as he stayed in power from 1975 to 1984, winning three terms despite mistakes, antagonisms and policy failures. He was a plain-speaker who related well to many Kiwi voters, and he was masterful at defusing or rechanneling opposition within his own party.
    After Muldoon was voted out of office, he started a popular radio talk show, ‘Lilies and Other Things,’ which dealt with gardening, politics and the economy, all the while maintaining his fiery tone. He also played a vampire -- Count Robula -- on a late-night TV horror show, and he narrated ‘The Rocky Horror Show.’ Not exactly ‘The Apprentice,’ but with this we have come full circle.

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Jopling House, by Claude Megson

 

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Way back in 1965 when a young Claude Megson was still finding his architectural feet, he was commissioned by the Joplings to design a small family home in St Heliers.The NZIA’s Megson Guide takes up the story:

Standing on a sheltered back site on Achilles Point, this house won a NZIA Branch Award in 1965. The building is composed of “units” of timber-framed walls of various lengths with a return at each end. Separated from each other by full-height windows or doors, these repeated elements are deployed to create spaces with different orientations and varying qualities of enclosure and interconnection. The original landscaping included pebble gardens and fishpond which allowed the volumes of the house to “float” above the site.

KitchenDining01

Jopling002

With several large additions at the front (large garage and a closed-in carport) that small home is now a large home, and the oiled cedar cladding has been painted over, but the small jewel Megson created is still to be found there behind it all, and in almost original form thanks to the current owners, Ruth and Duncan Ormond, who [ as the Herald explains] have done much to bring it back from the state in which they found it.

When Ruth was in her teens, she had the chance to look through a new cedar-clad home designed by Claude Megson and built in 1965.
    This is that house. Built for the Jopling family on a sheltered back section, it was Megson's second residential commission..   
    From time to time Ruth always thought it'd be great to live in that house and some 30 years on from that first viewing, Ruth and Duncan learned the house was for sale….
    The Ormonds have [now] lived here almost half the life-time of this house and they have decided to hand its place in architectural history over to another family.

It goes to auction today – when hopefully another family will be able to enjoy what remains of Megson’s creation, which is a great deal, with many of the features already there in this house that were to become so much a part of his work.

Jopling-AbstractPlan

"It's like a Lego home but you can look right through the house from one end to the other wherever you are standing," says Ruth.
    Original features include exposed timber beams, built-in furniture and shelving and the circular moulded door handles.

Lounge1

Those built-in modules allowing a more direct relationship with the garden; the artful yet effortless-feeling negative detailing; the shafts of space through the interlocking parts of the house – open space contrasting dramatically with sheltering -- were to become a Megson trademark, making even the smallest of homes feel large-souled.

Jopling010

That’s how we felt when we visited over the weekend: the house, like our visits to all Megson’s houses, with their simple ingredients so carefuly arranged to create a home for the human soul, never failing to lift our spirits.

16026-JoplingHousePlan

Almost impossible to describe in a photograph, the most successful of the spaces in this early home is his double-height dining room with built-in servery and direct garden access, a space whose essence Megson says is celebration, containing in this very early example the seed germ of everything that was to come in his later work. It is a delightful space to be in.

Dining1

Dining2

[Cross-posted at the Claude Megson Blog. Pics from PC, Herald, and Ray White Real Estate]

Tuesday, 14 February 2017

Quote of the Day: On ‘Islamophobia’

 

“In the book we disentangle the notion of ‘Islamophobia.’ We show that it's an illegitimate term, one that clouds thinking, because it mashes together at least two fundamentally different things. The term blends, on the one hand, serious analysis and critique of the ideas of Islamic totalitarianism, the cause animating the jihadists, which is vitally important (and the purpose of my book); and, on the other hand, racist and tribalist bigotry against people who espouse the religion of Islam. Obviously, racism and bigotry have no place in a civilised society.
    “Moreover, the book makes clear that while all jihadists are self-identified Muslims, it is blatantly false that all Muslims are jihadists… Ignorant of the book's full scope and substance, the students felt it had no place on campus.”

~ Elan Journo, writing at The Hill about the banning by UCLA of his book Failing to Confront Islamic Totalitarianism: ‘UCLA banned my book on Islam from a free speech event

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More Russian fake news on the way [update 2]

 

_Putin

 

Soviet-era Russia almost invented modern political propaganda. Whatever the truth today about “fake news” or of claims that Russia “hacked the US election,” it’s clear that Russia's state-owned foreign language news services are still directed by the Kremlin, and are and have been attempting to sway elections around the world, broadcasting on Sputnik and RT for example what can best be described as carefully-crafted spin promoting selected candidates.

Security officials believe there are two basic elements to the Russian strategy: leaking hacked documents, such as the Democratic National Convention emails obtained by Wikileaks during the US presidential election, and creating – or seizing on and exaggerating - false or misleading news events.

It doesn’t take much to get crap passed around.

The most notorious example of the latter came in January 2016, when Russia’s state-owned Channel One reported that “Lisa,” a 13-year old girl from a Russian-immigrant family, had been abducted and raped by “southern looking” asylum seekers in Germany. The news was not exactly fake – Lisa had indeed vanished for a night, and had initially claimed to have been raped.
    But before police established neither crime had occurred (she had stayed overnight at a friend’s house), protesters from Germany’s Russian speaking diaspora appeared outside Mrs Merkel’s office waving banners reading “our children are in danger!” and Sergei Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, accused the German government of a cover-up.  The Lisa case is widely viewed the most egregious example of Kremlin propaganda to date, and nothing on the same scale has been seen before or since.
    One European official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said he believed it was an experiment, a “test” to see how far such tactics could be used to inflame discontent with Angela Merkel’s policy on immigration.
 

London’s Telegraph newspaper cites the East StratCom Task Force (set up by the European Union set up to monitor and respond to Russian propaganda) as saying “Angela Merkel, who will seek a historic fourth term as chancellor of Germany at federal elections in September, has been singled out as a priority target in the coming year.”

 And the Telegraph reports that at least two other European security arms expect Russia to meddle in their elections, promoting candidates keen to “drop sanctions imposed on Russia over its annexation of Crimea and war in eastern Ukraine, and strongly sceptical of NATO – Europe’s remaining bulwark against any further Russian aggression.

The DGSE, France’s equivalent of MI6, said this week it expects Russia to intervene in the presidential election in April and May on the side of Marine Le Pen, the leader of the far-right National Front. The agency’s director general believes Russia will use internet bots to spread fake news favourable to Ms Le Pen on social media and may leak embarrassing emails stolen from her opponents by hackers, Le Canard Enchaîné , a French weekly, reported on Wednesday.
    In just the past two weeks, Denmark has publically identified Russia as a key cyber espionage threat, Norway said its Labour Party and email accounts belonging to several civil servants had been targeted by Russian hacking group, and Italy said it suspected Russia was behind a four-month malware attack against its foreign ministry last year…
    March’s vote in the Netherlands, the French presidential elections in April and May, and polls in Norway, the Czech Republic, and Serbia, may also be targeted…
    “We have to realise this is not a media strategy run by public relations executives,” said Dr Stefan Meister, who studies Russian propaganda in Germany. “This is a security strategy, run by security agencies," he said, "it is part of the security doctrine of the Russian Federation”

This is not a reason to hyperventilate. But it is a reason to remember what Robert Bidinotto reminded us of last week – that “Putin is a killer. He rose to power via the Moscow apartment bombings atrocity… He has had his political rivals murdered by poison and other nasty means. He runs an brutal oligarchy with an iron fist, and permits no opposition” – and to subject the sniff test anything emanating from Russian news services.

As we always should have.

READ: How Vladimir Putin and Russia are using cyber attacks and fake news to try to rig three major
           European elections this year
– TELEGRAPH

[Picture by NRO]

UPDATE 1: Meanwhile, across the Atlantic, The (UK) Observer reports the American intelligence community is “pushing back” against a White House “it considers leaky, untruthful and penetrated by the Kremlin”:

A senior National Security Agency official explained that NSA was systematically holding back some of the “good stuff” from the White House, in an unprecedented move. For decades, NSA has prepared special reports for the president’s eyes only, containing enormously sensitive intelligence. In the last three weeks, however, NSA has ceased doing this, fearing Trump and his staff cannot keep their best SIGINT secrets.
    Since NSA provides
something like 80 percent of the actionable intelligence in our government, what’s being kept from the White House may be very significant indeed. However, such concerns are widely shared across the IC, and NSA doesn’t appear to be the only agency withholding intelligence from the administration out of security fears.
    What’s going on was explained lucidly by a senior Pentagon intelligence official, who stated that “since January 20, we’ve assumed that the Kremlin has ears inside the SITROOM,” meaning the White House Situation Room, the 5,500 square-foot conference room in the West Wing where the president and his top staffers get intelligence briefings. “There’s not much the Russians don’t know at this point,” the official added in wry frustration.
    None of this has happened in Washington before. A White House with unsettling links to Moscow wasn’t something anybody in the Pentagon or the Intelligence Community even considered a possibility until a few months ago. Until Team Trump clarifies its strange relationship with the Kremlin, and starts working on its professional honesty, the IC will approach the administration with caution and concern.

UPDATE 2: Note that these stories are both written in Britain.

Yet at this writing [in America itself], the Russia story still hasn’t caught fire.
    Why?
    As [David Corn of Mother Jones] explains [to Politico], the press corps already has its hands full with Trump stories…

And tweets. You have a media obsessed with tweets, with the short-term, with the easy hits, and ignoring anything further.

    “This quietude is good news for Putin—and reason for him to think he could get away with such an operation again,” Corn concludes.

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Monday, 13 February 2017

The Utter Irrelevance of the "Balance of Trade"

 

No concept in international economics – indeed, perhaps no concept in all of economics – is as prodigious a source of confusion and plunderous policy as is that of the so-called “trade deficit,” observes Don Boudreaux in this guest post. Or as irrelevant…

In Chapter 6 of Frédéric Bastiat‘s indispensable collection entitled Economic Sophisms, Bastiat takes on the fascination with the balance of trade – and the lunacy of the person or politician who believes “if France gives ten in order to receive fifteen, it loses five; and it is quite plain that [the politician] would draft laws accordingly.”

The truth is that we should reverse the principle of the balance of trade and calculate the national profit from foreign trade in terms of the excess of imports over exports.  This excess, minus expenses, constitutes the real profit.  But this theory, which is the correct one, leads directly to the principle of free trade.  I present this theory to you, gentlemen, just as I do all the others that have been the subjects of the preceding chapters.  Exaggerate it as much as you wish; it has nothing to fear from that test.  Assume, if it amuses you, that foreigners flood our shores with all kinds of useful goods, without asking anything from us; even if our imports are infinite and our exports nothing, I defy you to prove to me that we should be the poorer for it.

No concept in international economics – indeed, perhaps no concept in all of economics – is as prodigious a source of confusion and plunderous policy as is that of the so-called “trade deficit.”  As regular and careful readers of this blog know, this concept is encrusted with countless myths and half-truths.  I’m convinced that humankind would be far better off had no one ever thought to carry over to modern times the absurd mercantilist notion of the “balance of trade.”

 


Don Boudreaux is a senior fellow with the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University, a Mercatus Center Board Member, a professor of economics and former economics-department chair at George Mason University.
This post appeared previously at Cafe Hayek and FEE.
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Friday, 10 February 2017

Friday Morning Ramble: Week 3

 

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Week three …

Mavens are talking up Bill English’s Waitangi speeches 2017. Compare with the same man’s Waitangi speech 2002 – also widely ignored, also remarkable. (So, that would be three Waitangi speeches then …)
PM Bill English gave two speeches on Waitangi Day. Both were remarkable. Both were almost entirely ignoredSimon Wilson (2017), SPINOFF
The Treaty of Waitangi and New Zealand citizenship – Bill English (2002), NZ HERALD

Paul Litterick: “La cage aux pollies.”
Protests at opening of $1.5m state house artwork in downtown Auckland – NZ HERALD

“'Oh I wouldn't want to live in it. It's like a prison.' Seriously? People need to mind their own business. This development will only be successful if sufficient people choose to purchase an apartment in it. If people are happy to live there why should it be anyone else's concern?”
Comment on ''The decision must be appealed': Residents oppose huge Auckland retirement village' – Stephen Berry, FACEBOOK

Vapid populism from petrol’s biggest profiteer: government.
Energy Minister Judith Collins announces probe into petrol prices – STUFF
Petrol Porkies – NOT PC

“There is no evidence to suggest crime is actually on the rise, the Salvation Army says.”
No logic to more police, prison beds - Salvation Army – RADIO NZ
2017 State of the Nation Report – SALVATION ARMY

Long overdue. (Why so long, I wonder?)
Govt moves to wipe historical homosexual convictions – RADIO NZ

“'The world needs globalisation, it needs trade,” says China’s richest man. Speaking at the launch of Alibaba's Australia and New Zealand headquarters, he said: "Everybody is concerned about trade wars. If trade stops, war starts."
'If trade stops, war starts' Alibaba founder who visited Donald Trump warns – INDEPENDENT (UK)

“We need medicinal cannabis to be treated the same as any other prescription medicine.”
Medicinal cannabis prescribing set to change – RADIO NZ

Penelope Meowser: “’Withdrawing’ doesn't seem to be the appropriate word. I think ‘forfeiting’ would be more accurate.”
Yaron Brook & Lindsay Perigo Debate on Trump, Immigration and More – Amy Peikoff, FACEBOOK
Will Trumpcare Cover the Effects of Trumpbrain? – Amy Peikoff, BLOG TALK RADIO

 

“BTW, all, did you see that Gareth Morgan wants a written constitution
which gives rights to plants? We live at a very special time in history.”

~ Jamie Whyte

 

Judith Curry: “Are climate alarmists afraid of climate change, or fossil fuels?”
Is Anything Wrong With Natural, Non-Man-Made Climate Change? – Mario Loyola, FORBES

Alex Epstein: “Green economics: Wind and solar use the largest share of workforce to produce the least amount of electricity (6%).”
US solar power employs more people than oil, coal and gas combined, report shows – INDEPENDENT (UK)

spot-the-differenceBlacked out again as South Australians swelter, their state is rapidly becoming the world’s crash-test dummy for so-called ‘renewable energy.’
South Australia Heatwave Wind Power Collapse, Rolling Blackouts – Eric Worrall, WATTS UP WITH THAT
The true meaning of populism – Steven Kates, LAW OF MARKETS

“It’s been a rough ten years as a so-called ‘climate denier.’ Every year the climate data would show a complete refusal to follow the accepted and official line, and every year the faith of the climate change faithful only seemed to get stronger and stronger. And their abuse of heretics like myself only got stronger and stronger. I have lost friendships over my stance on this issue. I have been attacked publicly by those around me on numerous occasions. And I have endured the casual mockery at social gatherings where the accepted response has been to pat me on the head in a condescending manner – here he is; our own climate denier. Isn’t he precious?
“… But money talks and bulls— walks, and the money is beginning to drop out of this con to end all cons.”
Dear Climate Alarmists – We Will Never Forget nor Forgive – Adam Piggott, XYZ

“Alternative facts have no place in climate-change research. Greater integrity is essential if the scandals are to stop.”
Politics And Science Are A Toxic Combination – Matt Ridley, GWPF

 

C4LWi_tUoAEOFOT

 

Meanwhile, in the absence of political pull…
Hedge Fund Of Hillary Clinton's Son-In-Law Has Shut Down – ZERO HEDGE

“I didn’t think I’d ever see the day when a Republican president equated America with Russia — and did so in a way that echoed the worst of fever-swamp radical leftism
Trump’s Comment On American ‘Killers’ Isn’t as Bad as You Think; It’s Worse – David French, NRO
Retired general: Trump's Putin remarks may be 'most anti-American statement' ever by president – THE HILL

“This ‘moral equivalence’ by Donald Trump, equating the United States with the Russian thugocracy, is outrageous and disgraceful. There is no excusing it. Putin is a killer. He rose to power via the Moscow apartment bombings atrocity (go Google it). He has had his political rivals murdered by poison and other nasty means. He runs an brutal oligarchy with an iron fist, and permits no opposition. To whitewash this record is unconscionable. To draw even the most remote comparisons to the United States is disgusting. For a U.S. PRESIDENT to do it, is beyond the pale.”
Donald Trump equating the United States with the Russian thugocracy, is outrageous and disgraceful – Robert Bidonotto, FACEBOOK

James Fallows: “How to tell Nixon from Trump: This is kind of thing Nixon said on the secret White House tapes.”
Trump: "Do you want to give his name? We'll destroy his career." – STEVE KOPACK
Statement Responding to President Trump’s Remarks Today on Civil Forfeiture ReformINSTITUTE FOR JUSTICE

Steve Simpson: ”Once you celebrate eminent domain, admire Putin, and blame courts for terrorism, supporting civil forfeiture doesn't seem like a big deal.”
Trump says there is 'no reason' to curb asset seizures by police – REUTERS

“After President Barack Obama’s numerous empty threats, the United States has scant credibility to enforce them.”
Opinion: Will President Trump stand behind his red line with Iran?  - Andrew Malcom, MCCLATCHY

“[Senior presidential advisor] Bannon admits he opposes legal immigration more than he does ‘illegal’."
Transcript of Steve Bannon's Tirade Against Legal Immigration, Asians, and Silicon Valley, and His Belief in the 'Race to the Bottom' – STU-TOPIA
Steve Bannon in 2016: legal immigration is the real “problem" – VOX

Awkward.
Immigrants Do Not Increase Crime, Research Shows – SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN

Amy Peikoff: ” “More evidence that an immigration ban, alone, would be ineffective in eliminating the risk of Islamic terrorism. ISIS must be neutralised.”
Not ‘Lone Wolves’ After All: How ISIS Guides Plots by Remote Control – NEW YORK TIMES

“"In fact, liberalised marijuana laws in some states are already having an effect. The Washington Post reported in March that 'marijuana seizures along the southwest border tumbled to their lowest level in at least a decade.'”
Legalising Marijuana Would Hurt Mexican Drug Cartels More Than Trump's Border Wall – REASON

Radical Capitalist Episode 84: Economic Nationalism vs. America

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“’The institution of apartheid was not racism …’”
Stefan Molyneux: A nut still mistaken for a free enterpriser – STU-TOPIA

“’The one thing that people overlook is that the sort of dependence that results from exchange, i.e., from commercial transactions, is a reciprocal dependence.  We cannot be dependent upon a foreigner without his being dependent upon us.  Now, this is what constitutes the very essence of society. To sever natural interrelations is not to make oneself independent, but to isolate oneself completely.’”
4 Quotes on Free Trade from Classical Economists – Don Boudreaux, FEE

“Five books on war and foreign policy [suggesting] neoconservative veneration of nationalism leads to a foreign policy of perpetual war overseas.”
John David Lewis recommends the best books on War and Foreign Policy – FIVE BOOKS.COM

“A week-long war—one barely covered in university history courses—explains the subsequent sixty years of American foreign policy in the Middle East.”
We Are Still Living With Eisenhower’s Biggest Mistake – Michael Totten, THE TOWER

“The National Employment Law Project (NELP) released a study claiming to have directly disproved any link between minimum wage and job loss. But they asked the wrong question and proved no such thing.”
Debunking a Misleading Minimum Wage Study – Dave Thompson, FEE

“It's not a good outcome for civil libertarians, but his nomination was never really that surprising, given Trump's ‘law and order-focused campaign.”
Jeff Sessions, Fan of the Drug War and Asset Forfeiture, Confirmed as US Attorney General – Scott Shackford, HIT & RUN

 

"We are fast approaching the stage of the ultimate inversion: the
stage where the government is free to do anything it pleases,
while the citizens may act only by permission; which is the stage of
the darkest periods of human history, the stage of rule by brute force"
~ Ayn Rand

 

“It is widely believed today that our moral, cultural, and political alternatives are limited either to the ideas of the secular, relativistic left—or to those of the religious, absolutist right—or to some compromised mixture of the two. In other words, one’s ideas are supposedly either extremely 'liberal' or extremely 'conservative' or somewhere in between. Ayn Rand’s philosophy, Objectivism, rejects this false alternative and offers an entirely different view of the world.”
What Is Objectivism? – Craig Biddle, OBJECTIVE STANDARD

Too good to miss.
Ayn, What if Atlas Snapped? – Kirk Barbera, FEE

“Your soul has a single basic function-- the act of valuing." ~ Ayn Rand
"'You own that structure you've stopped before and heard yourself answering.' 'In what sense?'" – Excerpt, THE FOUNTAINHEAD

Greg Salmieri: “Since any sense faculty will be limited in its acuity, regarding these limits as obscuring the world from us amounts to taking as one’s standard of awareness the sort of omniscience that Moore, Bertrand Russell, and others thought that we had of sense-data. But it is impossible to live up to this (supernatural) standard, and so it will push us toward the conclusion that our acquaintance with external object is always partially obscured or else superimposed with a hallucinatory material. Any view that includes this (supernatural) standard of direct awareness will, if developed consistently, lead us to regard ourselves as trapped behind a veil of perception (even if some versions will permit us to regard the veil as less than fully opaque).”
Awareness is not omniscience; it’s awareness of something in some form – FOR THE NEW INTELLECTUAL

“…including the Human Flourishing Framework–a tool that will supercharge your ability to acquire, organize, and apply life-enhancing knowledge in every area of life.”
Discover how to flourish in every area of life – Alex Epstein & Dan Sullivan, THE HUMAN FLOURISHING PROJECT

 

C4JZi2rW8AEajdT

 

Public education has been failing to educate ever since it began. “They grant diplomas, which can be important for finding a job. But do they teach you how to gain the knowledge and skills to take control over the rest of your life and live as a free person?” People like Marsha Enright are filling that gap.
Empowered Reasoning, Active Minds, Autonomous Individuals – Marsha Enright, GREAT CONNECTIONS SEMINARS

“One of the most formative courses in my educational history was David Harriman’s “Fundamentals of Physical Science” – formative of my knowledge of science, formative of my views on education, formative of my very ability to think. It taught me what it really means to learn science, and by extension, what it really means to learn.”
David Harriman's Fundamentals of Physical Science: A Historical Inductive Approach – Lisa Van Damme, OBJECTIVE SCIENCE

I wonder what the proportions are for bloggers?
92% of left-wing activists live with their parents and one in three is unemployed, study of Berlin protesters finds – MAIL ONLINE

male1Charlotte Cushman: “This is where egalitarianism eventually leads. This is why ideas matter. There ARE differences between men and women and they are good. Destroying men's masculinity is evil.”
    “Holly Christopher said, ‘If this is the next big thing in men's fashion, we won't have to worry about overpopulation anymore, the human race will die out.’"
Latest Men’s Fashion at New York Fashion Week – SAD & USELESS.COM

“’I give it a few seconds — not even minutes — and then I’m moving again,’ says Handscombe, a 35-year-old graduate student in creative writing at American University.
    “But it’s not just online anymore. She finds herself behaving the same way with a novel.”
Serious reading takes a hit from online scanning and skimming, researchers say – WASHINGTON POST

Taliesin Fellows: “I just found this Architectural critique Blog. Sometimes funny, sometimes spot on and ..... but I'll let you be the judge. What do you think? Is this an accurate reflection of modern suburbia?”
McMansion Hell

“Wright dedicated the design ‘to Nature’ and called it the ‘Sectless Chapel.’ His sketch shows a space-rocket-like structure with a base of ramps, underneath which is space for parking.”
Unbuilt Frank Lloyd Wright chapel comes to life in new visualisations – David Romero, via CURBED
Frank Lloyd Wright's unbuilt Trinity Chapel is realised in images by David Romero – DEZEEN

Trinity_chapel_01

I remember visiting the Martin House complex just before the restoration began. It was beautiful even then …

 

“Though Romanticism, notable for its dramatically driven themes of human character, is important in Rand's thought, she has high regard for the importance of light in painting…. Olaku's sensitivity to light manifests in how deeply his landscapes recede — not only are the lights themselves different, they are placed in depth. Though light is the outstanding feature in Olaku's paintings, he is also a master of perspective and the reflective nature of water.”
Energizing the Eye: Atlas Contest Winner, Abiodun Olaku – Michael Newberry, ATLAS ART CONTEST

“What makes this entire epistolary record so moving is that, in spite of being unscrupulous at times, Hemingway was also a creature frequently in raw pain, and the reader of these letters is able to witness him in the act of processing his pain and his guilt, with defences that were never quite up to the task.”
Little bit of poison for everyone – TIMES LITERARY SUPPLEMENT

“The independence of cats is one of the features most admired by those of us who love them.”
What cats can teach us about how to live – John Gray, NEW STATESMAN

And finally, the important news …
Hottest 100 Kiwi Craft Beers of 2016 – The Results – THE CRAFTY PINT
Hottest 100 Kiwi Craft Beers of 2016 – Analysis – THE CRAFTY PINT
Hottest 100 Kiwi Craft Beers of 2016 – The Top 3 – THE CRAFTY PINT

[Hat tips to and quips and snark pinched from Duncan B., Mark, Barry Woods, Michael Yon, Paul Litterick, Rani ShriVidya, Alice Smith, 7Kiwi, Ari Armstrong, Motive Power, Schooley, UBC Objectivism, hockey schtick, Robert Alonzo Harris Mathenge, Open Group on Objectivism, Myles Salmon, For The New Intellectuals, Stephen Berry, Arts & Letters Daily, Rick Wilmes, GABS Festival, Michael Yon, Anoop Verma]

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